Top 15 most visited tourist attractions in EuropeThe Louvre, Paris, France, Colosseum, Rome, Italy, Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain, Buckingham Palace, London, United Kingdom, Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Anne Frank House, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Stonehenge, Wiltshire, United Kingdom. The Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous places in France. Located in the heart of the Champ de Mars in Paris, the wrought iron tower was originally built to serve as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. Engineer Gustave Eiffel received a lot of criticism for his design, and people called it a monstrosity and an impossible task: at the time of construction, the 324-meter-high tower (equivalent to an 81-story building) was the tallest structure in the world.
With an exterior wall height of 48 meters and a base area of 24,000 square meters, the Colosseum is an imposing structure. At the peak of its glory, it contained a velarium (a retractable awning to protect spectators during bad weather) and a thick wooden floor covered with sand. Under this floor, an underground maze of tunnels held animals and gladiators before the fights. The prehistoric monument of Stonehenge is one of the most famous monuments in the United Kingdom.
Built between 3000 to. C. and in 2000 to. C., Stonehenge is located in an area of England known for its many burial mounds.
The purpose of Stonehenge remains a mystery. Archaeologists believe it could have been a cemetery dating back to 3000 BC. C. It could also have served as a Neolithic calendar (since the arrangement of stones is set to mark the movements of the sun), a religious place or a scientific observatory.
The stones, which weigh approximately 25 tons each, were transported at least 19 kilometers to their current location. The largest art museum in the world, and the most visited, is located right on the bank of the Seine River. The original 13th-century Louvre palace that once stood here was enlarged and rebuilt over the centuries, resulting in the huge building of nearly 73,000 square meters seen today. Outside, the museum's glass and metal pyramid has become a modern symbol of the Louvre.
It measures 34 meters on each side and 21.6 meters high and is now used as the main entrance to the museum. Of the Louvre's impressive collection of 380,000 objects, about 35,000 are on permanent display. These include not only paintings, but also drawings, sculptures and archaeological items. In addition to Leonardo da Vinci's La Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo, the museum also houses the eight-foot-tall sculpture of the winged Victory of Samothrace and the magnificent six by nine meter painting of Napoleon's Coronation.
While the castle itself dates back to the 9th century, some of the other structures within the complex's 70,000 square meters were built centuries later. Some of the most impressive buildings in the Prague Castle complex include St. George's Basilica and Golden Lane from the 16th century. This street of small medieval houses once housed palace guards and goldsmiths, and centuries later, writer Franz Kafka and Nobel laureate Jaroslav Seifert.
Built by order of the Prussian King Frederick William II in the 18th century, the Brandenburg Gate has become the symbol of Berlin. At 26 meters high and more than 65 meters long, the gate is crowned by a chariot or carriage drawn by four horses. Years later, the gate became the unofficial border between East and West Berlin until the construction of the Berlin Wall. And when the Wall fell in 1989, 100,000 people gathered at the Gate to celebrate.
Italy's magical floating city has a wealth of beauty, romance and history to please every visitor. More than 150 canals run through Venice and connect 118 small islands through some 400 bridges and several walkways. Venice's Grand Canal, the city's main water traffic corridor, is flanked by many palaces and churches, including the 15th-century Venetian Gothic Palazzi Barbaro and the Rococo-style Ca' Rezzonico Palace with a facade entirely covered in white marble. At 4,478 metres high, the Matterhorn is one of the highest peaks in Europe.
The impressive mountain is located just above the Swiss city of Zermatt, on the border between Switzerland and Italy. A popular hiking destination in the Alps, the Matterhorn is unique because it is a pyramid-shaped mountain that can be climbed on all four sides. For non-climbers, it is also possible to complete a 10-day hike around the mountain. This is considered one of the most beautiful walks in the Alps, which crosses glacial lakes, alpine forests and flowering meadows.
Aptly known as the Venice of the North, Amsterdam is fed by the hundreds of kilometres of grachten (canals) that run through the city. The city has three main canals (Herengracht, Prinsengracht and Keizersgracht) and more than 1,500 bridges connecting the islands. The Prinsengracht Canal is probably the most famous canal in the Netherlands, as several notable buildings are located along its banks. These include the Anne Frank House; Amsterdam's tallest church, Westerkerk; the 17th-century Deutzen Hofje house and a number of other impressive historical buildings.
The House of Habsburg originally built the palace in the 13th century to house one of the most influential royal families in Europe. Former imperial palace, home to kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Hofburg is now the official residence of the president of Austria. The Vienna Hofburg is huge, with 240,000 square meters divided into 18 wings, and much of it is open to the public. The sprawling complex also houses 19 courtyards and more than 2,500 rooms, many of which are still occupied by the people who work and live here.
The complex of palaces and fortresses Alhambra, which literally translates as red, was originally built in 889 d. C., although it did not reach its current appearance and its enormous size of 142,000 square meters until the middle of the 13th century. The construction of the monastery began in 1501 and lasted just over 100 years. The original structure is built with gold-colored limestone, but different kings and architects over the years added their touch through imposing murals, gilded tiled ceilings and many detailed woodwork.
The main entrances to the monastery are through the gates of the Church of Santa Maria, including a 32-meter, two-story side entrance and the smaller south gate, which opens directly to the high altar. The monastery itself has large grounds and gardens, where fountains, 16th-century buildings and pavilions offer much to explore and discover. The tower, which dates back to the 12th century, took 199 years to complete, but began to tilt during its construction due to the soft ground on one side. Today, the tower, which has a crooked height of 55.86 meters, attracts tourists from all over who want to see the tower and take pictures of themselves in front of it.
The arteries of the old town, the canals of Bruges have long been the roads that connect the city. Bruges was originally located on the banks of the River Reie; as the city developed, so did its charming waterways. The canals were dug into the river for commercial transport in order to transport essential goods and supplies around the city. Located in Ireland's County Clare, the Cliffs of Moher are a breathtaking sight.
The coastal cliffs are composed of steep 214 m stone and stretch for 14 km from Hag's Head to Doosouth. From the top of the cliffs, the Aran Islands can be seen through the crystal clear waters. In 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted with a devastating effect. Many small towns and settlements in the region were completely destroyed by the eruption, most notably Pompeii.
Ironically, being buried under layers of ash that fell from the volcano has led to an incredibly well-preserved snapshot of a Roman city frozen in the middle of a disaster. Meteora, which means “elevated” in Greek, is an outstanding rock formation in Thessaly, Greece, a wild landscape formed by hill-shaped rocks that dominate the horizon. However, part of what makes this magnificent landscape so striking are the monasteries that cling precariously to the rocks. Located on cliffs with stairs carved from the same stone, this religious site dates back to the 15th century, and some still receive visitors to this day.
The most famous of all, the Monastery of the Holy Trinity, stands 400 meters above a natural rock tower and is a breathtaking sight to see. In the past, Tallinn was part of the trade alliance, the Hanseatic League, it was an extremely prosperous city. The riches of Tallinn's past can be seen in the Old City, which still retains its 13th-century city plan. Authentically medieval, there are large merchants' houses and churches that line the cobbled streets.
Often mistakenly thought to be London Bridge, Tower Bridge is a late Victorian masterpiece that shows the height of London's position on the world stage. Opened in 1894, the bridge crosses the Thames near the Tower of London, another London landmark. The bridge itself is a drawbridge powered by engine rooms found in the north and south neo-gothic towers, making it a 19th century feat of engineering. The bridge is still in use to this day and has even been modernized with lights that shine at night.
Construction of the castle began in 1869, but unfortunately, Ludwig never lived in his castle; he died in 1886, the same year the castle was completed. Located in southern Bavaria, between wooded mountains and mirror-like lakes, the picturesque setting of the castle is as impressive as the building itself. Located in northwestern Slovenia, near the city of Bled, is a gleaming emerald lake surrounded by stunning green hills. Take one of the old wooden boats called pletna to the small island of Bled in the middle of the lake.
The island is home to the Church of the Assumption of Mary, a 17th-century building with some 15th-century Gothic frescoes still intact. The stone walls, dating back to the 16th century, feature baroque churches and ruined buildings. Built in 1573, Pile Gate marks the entrance to the old town with its remarkable Renaissance arches, it is particularly beautiful when illuminated at night. The Dubrovnik Cable Car offers the opportunity to see the old city streets from above.
Amsterdam is known for its canals. In fact, there are more than 100 kilometers of canals running through the capital of the Netherlands, forming around 90 islands and requiring 1500 bridges to move. Waterways lead to Amsterdam being labelled “Venice of the North”. At its heart is the Old Town Square, where the Old Town Hall is located, which has the Orloj, or astronomical clock, which dates back to 1410, making it the oldest clock in the world that is still in operation.
Charles Bridge connects the old town with the small town of Prague via the Vltava River. Construction of the bridge began in 1357, but it was not completed until the beginning of the 15th century. Around the old town, many bars and a lively nightlife make it a pleasant place to stay at dusk. Located in Vatican City, St.
Peter's Basilica is the largest church in the world and one of the most famous examples of Italian Renaissance architecture. The construction of this monument began in 1506, and one of the architects was none other than Michelangelo. Venice is the original city of canals; every other city on the canal in the world is compared to Venice. The enigmatic flooded city is the site of more than 150 waterways and 400 bridges, including the famous Bridge of Sighs.
Norway has more than 1000 fjords, of which only part is visited en masse (such as the Hardanger Fjord and Geiranger Fjord), which means that it is still possible to find some solitude. Taking a cruise is a great way to see the high walls of the fjords as the ship glides over the waters. Alternatively, hiking at the top of the fjords offers a panoramic view of the incredible landscape. Built on the ruins of the Roman fortifications in 889 d.
C., the Alhambra is a combination of palace and fortress located in Granada, Spain. For nearly 1,000 years, much of the Iberian Peninsula was ruled by Islamic Arabs, with Andalusia (the area where the Alhambra is located) the oldest territory. For nearly 1000 years, Hagia Sophia was the largest cathedral in the world and is still a fantastic structure to see. Originally built as an Eastern Orthodox Cathedral in 537 AD, when Istanbul was named Constantinople, Hagia Sophia became an Ottoman mosque in 1453 and today it is a museum for the enjoyment of all faiths.
Built on top of the Athenian Empire in 447 BC. C., the Parthenon is a symbol of Greece and impresses with its countless columns. Dedicated to Athena, it became a Christian church in the 6th century AD and a mosque in the 1460s after the Ottoman invasion. At nightfall, the Acropolis lights up with a glow that can be seen in Athens.
Spain has 47 UNESCO world heritage sites, numerous beaches in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, and numerous festivals that bring together people from all over the world. Many have compared the coastal part of Spain to the tropical islands. Among the most famous sights for visitors are the Acropolis, the monasteries of Meteora, the mystical ruins of Delphi, the Temple of Hephaestus and many more. The capital of Athens, Thessaloniki, Corfu, Santorini and Crete are among the most visited cities and islands.
There are more than 200 Greek islands that you can visit, each one more beautiful than the other. A visit includes a historical film and a guided tour, and is a grim reminder of the horrors that occurred here and across Europe. To make the visit more comfortable, the best thing to do is bring a hat and plenty of water, there is no shade to protect against the scorching summer temperatures, and there is no food or water available once you pass by the ticket office. It attracted 2,400 daily visitors during its tour and was one of the most successful art exhibitions in London last year.
Today, visitors can stroll around the ancient city and marvel at the colorful murals preserved and see the plaster casts of people and animals in their final moments. From France's cultural attractions to Italy's wealth of historical sights and Germany's magnificent list of stunning architectural destinations, European countries have a lot to offer visitors. Whether you want to take a day trip from London or be part of a wider itinerary exploring the region, it's worth the effort it takes to visit Stonehenge. Innsbruck is a must for all those who are passionate about skiing or who want to get away from the busy city life.
But scheduling a visit to Europe's top tourist attractions early or late in the day can tackle all three challenges in one fell swoop. Among the most visited are Stonehenge, the Roman baths and the Georgian city of Bath, Canterbury Cathedral, the Cotswolds, Warwick Castle and Stirling Castle. Europe's top tourist attractions are world famous for crowd density and beauty, but there are a few tricks I've learned to make the visit as fantastic as the location. Famously unfinished since construction began in 1882, this very unique church was designed by Antoni Gaudí and surprises visitors from the outside to the inside.
Visit nearby sites such as the Avebury Stone Circle, the largest prehistoric stone circle in the world, which surrounds part of the charming village of Avebury. To make the most of a visit, the best thing to do is buy tickets in advance or book a tour early or late in the day. . .