The most visited places by tourists in EuropeNotre Dame in Paris. St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City in Rome. The Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous places in France.
Located in the heart of the Champ de Mars in Paris, the wrought iron tower was originally built to serve as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair. Engineer Gustave Eiffel received a lot of criticism for his design, and people called it a monstrosity and an impossible task: at the time of construction, the 324-meter-high tower (equivalent to an 81-story building) was the tallest structure in the world. With an exterior wall height of 48 meters and a base area of 24,000 square meters, the Colosseum is an imposing structure. At the peak of its glory, it contained a velarium (a retractable awning to protect spectators during bad weather) and a thick wooden floor covered with sand.
Under this floor, an underground maze of tunnels held animals and gladiators before the fights. The prehistoric monument of Stonehenge is one of the most famous monuments in the United Kingdom. Built between 3000 to. C.
and in 2000 to. C., Stonehenge is located in an area of England known for its many burial mounds. The purpose of Stonehenge remains a mystery. Archaeologists believe it could have been a cemetery dating back to 3000 BC.
C. It could also have served as a Neolithic calendar (since the arrangement of stones is set to mark the movements of the sun), a religious place or a scientific observatory. The stones, which weigh approximately 25 tons each, were transported at least 19 kilometers to their current location. The largest art museum in the world, and the most visited, is located right on the bank of the Seine River.
The original 13th-century Louvre palace that once stood here was enlarged and rebuilt over the centuries, resulting in the huge building of nearly 73,000 square meters seen today. Outside, the museum's glass and metal pyramid has become a modern symbol of the Louvre. It measures 34 meters on each side and 21.6 meters high and is now used as the main entrance to the museum. Of the Louvre's impressive collection of 380,000 objects, about 35,000 are on permanent display.
These include not only paintings, but also drawings, sculptures and archaeological items. In addition to Leonardo da Vinci's La Mona Lisa and Venus de Milo, the museum also houses the eight-foot-tall sculpture of the winged Victory of Samothrace and the magnificent six by nine meter painting of Napoleon's Coronation. While the castle itself dates back to the 9th century, some of the other structures within the complex's 70,000 square meters were built centuries later. Some of the most impressive buildings in the Prague Castle complex include St.
George's Basilica and Golden Lane from the 16th century. This street of small medieval houses once housed palace guards and goldsmiths, and centuries later, writer Franz Kafka and Nobel laureate Jaroslav Seifert. Built by order of the Prussian King Frederick William II in the 18th century, the Brandenburg Gate has become the symbol of Berlin. At 26 meters high and more than 65 meters long, the gate is crowned by a chariot or carriage drawn by four horses.
Years later, the gate became the unofficial border between East and West Berlin until the construction of the Berlin Wall. And when the Wall fell in 1989, 100,000 people gathered at the Gate to celebrate. Italy's magical floating city has a wealth of beauty, romance and history to please every visitor. More than 150 canals run through Venice and connect 118 small islands through some 400 bridges and several walkways.
Venice's Grand Canal, the city's main water traffic corridor, is flanked by many palaces and churches, including the 15th-century Venetian Gothic Palazzi Barbaro and the Rococo-style Ca' Rezzonico Palace with a facade entirely covered in white marble. At 4,478 metres high, the Matterhorn is one of the highest peaks in Europe. The impressive mountain is located just above the Swiss city of Zermatt, on the border between Switzerland and Italy. A popular hiking destination in the Alps, the Matterhorn is unique because it is a pyramid-shaped mountain that can be climbed on all four sides.
For non-climbers, it is also possible to complete a 10-day hike around the mountain. This is considered one of the most beautiful walks in the Alps, which crosses glacial lakes, alpine forests and flowering meadows. Aptly known as the Venice of the North, Amsterdam is fed by the hundreds of kilometres of grachten (canals) that run through the city. The city has three main canals (Herengracht, Prinsengracht and Keizersgracht) and more than 1,500 bridges connecting the islands.
The Prinsengracht Canal is probably the most famous canal in the Netherlands, as several notable buildings are located along its banks. These include the Anne Frank House; Amsterdam's tallest church, Westerkerk; the 17th-century Deutzen Hofje house and a number of other impressive historical buildings. The House of Habsburg originally built the palace in the 13th century to house one of the most influential royal families in Europe. Former imperial palace, home to kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Hofburg is now the official residence of the president of Austria.
The Vienna Hofburg is huge, with 240,000 square meters divided into 18 wings, and much of it is open to the public. The sprawling complex also houses 19 courtyards and more than 2,500 rooms, many of which are still occupied by the people who work and live here. The complex of palaces and fortresses Alhambra, which literally translates as red, was originally built in 889 d. C., although it did not reach its current appearance and its enormous size of 142,000 square meters until the middle of the 13th century.
The construction of the monastery began in 1501 and lasted just over 100 years. The original structure is built with gold-colored limestone, but different kings and architects over the years added their touch through imposing murals, gilded tiled ceilings and many detailed woodwork. The main entrances to the monastery are through the gates of the Church of Santa Maria, including a 32-meter, two-story side entrance and the smaller south gate, which opens directly to the high altar. The monastery itself has large grounds and gardens, where fountains, 16th-century buildings and pavilions offer much to explore and discover.
The best-known acropolis in the world, right in the center of Athens. Spain has 47 UNESCO world heritage sites, numerous beaches in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, and numerous festivals that bring together people from all over the world. Many have compared the coastal part of Spain to the tropical islands. Among the most famous sights for visitors are the Acropolis, the monasteries of Meteora, the mystical ruins of Delphi, the Temple of Hephaestus and many more.
The capital of Athens, Thessaloniki, Corfu, Santorini and Crete are among the most visited cities and islands. There are more than 200 Greek islands that you can visit, each one more beautiful than the other. Today, the tower, which has a crooked height of 55.86 meters, attracts tourists from all over who want to see the tower and take pictures of themselves in front of it. There are many reasons why Venice is a place worth visiting, but the architecture of this city is high on the list of reasons.
You can take an imperial tour to see inside the palace, visit the Children's Museum, stroll through the gardens and enjoy concerts and seasonal events. Since its debut in 2000, Tate Modern has quickly become the world's most popular museum of modern art, breaking into the museum club that attracted more than 5 million visitors last year. Also worth a visit is the adjoining Generalife Palace, with its Persian terraced gardens, not only because of its magnificent views of the Alhambra, but also because the summer palace, with its many colonnades and pavilions, is a beauty in itself. This marine fortress, which spans six separate islands just off the coast of Helsinki, is only accessible by water, but that doesn't stop nearly 1 million people from visiting it each year.
Visiting any of the countries is a wonderful experience, as you will find many things to see and do. Located near Norway's largest fjord, Hunderfossen, this amusement park is Norway's biggest attraction. France seems to be the world's leading destination since 1995, when the country received more than 60 million visitors. From France's cultural attractions to Italy's wealth of historical sights and Germany's magnificent list of stunning architectural destinations, European countries have a lot to offer visitors.
If you have the opportunity to visit Rome, don't miss this impressive building, one of the most recognizable Roman monuments. Norway has more than 1000 fjords, of which only part is visited en masse (such as the Hardanger Fjord and Geiranger Fjord), which means that it is still possible to find some solitude. There are 2.5 miles of galleries and 7 million objects, so set aside enough time to navigate past the crowds of visitors and visit ticket office attractions such as the Rosetta Stone and the controversial Elgin Marbles. Travelers interested in history in particular visit the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, the rocky valleys of Cappadocia, the pure white travertine terraces of Pamukkale, the ruins of the ancient Armenian capital Ani and much more.
The plan to reduce visits worked; 2.3 million visit the park now, giving the basilica the current leadership for assistance. . .